10 Things Every Writers Needs To Know About Conflict

conflictConflict – the foundation of every novel bled onto the page.

Without it, your book flatlines harder than the grim reaper. No self-respecting book doctor will even attempt to resuscitate it. And yet, you need to, because conflict is the god of novels.

If you’ve been a good little girl, then conflict will dip its mighty hand into Santa’s sack and bestow heavenly book treasures on you, like pace, tension, plot line and well-rounded characters with enough depth to drown a reindeer. But without it, we’re talking dead Kipper slaps to the face.

And nobody wants a stinky dead fish face mask.

But when you love your precious little bundle of baby hero joy more than life itself, torturing them with a bout of – villain/antagonist/insert another form of conflict shaped nappy rash can be rather more difficult than one expects.

Here are ten tips for shaping your books conflict.

THING ONE – From Conflict Comes Everything

Conflict2-year-oldis the source of everything. It’s the book equivalent of the big bang.

Lots of people debate what the most important aspect of a novel is: plot or characters. To me, that’s a chicken and eggs, and I hate both chicken and eggs, so let’s sweep them under the give-a-shit rug and discuss what IS the most important part of your novel:


Two examples:

two 1: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone – The main conflict comes from a prophecy made by professor Trelawney: a boy born at the end of July will defeat the dark Lord Voldemort. There’s your conflict, a prophecy of defeat. This spawns the need for a boy character in which the evil wizard can make an orphan and fuck himself up in the process. The first book is based on his return from death to finish the job he started. And there is the entire plot and characters.

Conflict 2: Romeo and Juliet – Two families are at war, love between the families is forbidden. This creates the characters (Romeo from one family and Juliet from the other) and the plot: Romeo and Juliet falling in love with each other without knowing who they really are.

THING TWO – The Source of Conflict

While there will be many a’ thing that causes your protagonist angst, like missing the postman, being patronized, inconveniently timed bouts of diarrhea and finding rat dumps in your tuna sandwich, the main source should be your antagonist or villain.

Your antagonist should be directly causing the conflict. By that I mean, any pain your protagonist endures as a result of your stories main conflict can’t be a coincidence, nor a consequence of another character’s tactical wrong doings. The knife hanging out of Aunt Gertrude’s carotid needs to have been put there by the spindly claw hands of your villain. Unless your villains a coward and Aunty G’s murdered by someone else but it has to of been orchestrated by them.

THING THREE – Specificity Rules

When it comes to conflict, you can’t be broad. Half measures won’t work. That’s like going into a bar on a Friday night and ordering half a shot of tequila. No one does that unless they’re cheap, or a pussy. You’re just short-changing yourself a Saturday morning hangover, and everyone loves a book hangover.

The conflict has to be specific so that the hero and villain both invest in fighting each other. No one’s going to get out of bed to save the world if a wild-eyed science genius might release the plague, but you’re not sure because your cousin’s mate’s sister-in-law said it might only effect ostriches.

Be specific and link the conflict to your hero/villain’s goals.

THING FOUR – Target Like A Bullet

If you want to properly motivate your protagonist to knuckle dust your antagonist then you need to make sure your conflict is targeted.

It’s no good threatening to kill your protagonists friend’s snake, cause while it would be real sad an’ all, who gives a shit. Now, if you threatened to kill your protagonist’s pet snake, who happened to save his life as a teenager by role playing an Amazon tree rope so he could swing from a burning building with his baby brother in hand and as a result, they never left each others side… well now you got his attention.

But the same can be said for the villain. He has to have a realistic and targeted reason to want to kill your protag’s snake. Say, the snake having the only cure to the ostrich snuffing plague he wants to release on the world.

THING FIVE – Fuck Romeo, Break The Bitches Heart 

Here’s where you get your psycho out, don your best conductors dicky bow and wave your big writerly baton around…

Whatever you create as conflict, it has to really mean something. It has to be intricately linked to your protagonist and antagonists values, what is it that means the most to them? What’s their worst fear and what or who would they die for? That’s what they should be battling over.

Take me, don’t hurt my family or friends, and were good. I wouldn’t touch my laptop or coffee either because then I’d have to cut you.

If your characters are emotionally invested in the battle, then your readers will be too.

THING SIX AND SEVEN – With Realism Comes Believability

Bearing your genre, and story in mind, you still need your conflict to be realistic. Sure, a writer can make anything sound plausible, but honestly, if your hero is Superman, I wouldn’t pit a two-year-old baby girl against him, I’m not sure she could conjure the kind of conflict you’re looking for. Without realism, which comes from all hitting all the other steps, your conflict won’t be believable.

THING EIGHT – Time Is Always Of The Essence

Adding time pressure in any novel builds tension and pace. Telling your hero your gonna kill his mumsy dearest is one thing. Telling him, he’s got 12 hours to free the Teenage Ninja Mutant Turtles from his turtle breeding farm will motivate him to listen far more quickly.

THING NINE – If This Were Poker, I’d Be All In

Raise the stakes. Raise the stakes. Raise the stakes. No one cares if you steal $20. Steal $200,000,000 and someone might notice. Threaten to blow up a building? Meh. Try fucking up a whole city and see if anyone cares and if they don’t blow up an entire state.

THING TEN – Dominatrix Time

Torture your protagonist. Not the physical fork in the eye kind of torture, but the emotional, heart wrenching, life changing kind of torture. Conflict is a gift from Lucifer himself for your protagonist, if they want to win, they have to suffer and lose something to beat your antagonist.

How do you make sure you get the conflict right in your novels? Let me know in the comments below.

OUT NOW in all good retailers

If you liked this post, why not get even more awesome tips in the book 13 Steps To Evil – How to Craft Superbad Villains


Click this link and just click the logo of your device or regular bookshop and it will take you to the right page.

You can also get a FREE villains cheatsheet and a villain’s short course by joining my mailing list just click here.

Amazon Book Blurb:

Your hero is not the most important character in your book. Your villain is.
Are you fed up of drowning in two-dimensional villains? Frustrated with creating clichés? And failing to get your reader to root for your villain?
In 13 Steps to Evil, you’ll discover: 
+ How to develop a villain’s mindset
+ A step-by-step guide to creating your villain from the ground up
+ Why getting to the core of a villain’s personality is essential to make them credible
+ What pitfalls and clichés to avoid as well as the tropes your story needs
Finally, there is a comprehensive writing guide to help you create superbad villains. Whether you’re just starting out or are a seasoned writer, this book will help power up your bad guy and give them that extra edge.

These lessons will help you master and control your villainous minions, navigate and gain the perfect balance of good and evil, as well as strengthening your villain to give your story the tension and punch it needs.
If you like dark humor, learning through examples and want to create the best villains you can, then you’ll love Sacha Black’s guide to crafting superbad villains. Read 13 Steps to Evil today and start creating kick-ass villains.

You can find me on FacebookTwitterInstagramPinterest, Goodreads



  1. On the food analogy up front, the ‘I hate chicken and egg’ thing I guess conflict for a veggie equals kale or some such green shite. Serve that and there will be blood. Just saying….

  2. “Conflict really is the source of everything. It’s the book equivalent of the big bang”…
    That is an excellent definition… I like that you highlight the important role of antagonists when it comes to triggering conflicts…
    I guess random incidents, even if they could have an impact in the outcome (consequences) should not be as important as the actions… or omissions of the antagonist himself.
    In other words: The first flutter of butterfly of Chaos would takes place in the antagonist’s wings 😉 … Great post, Sacha!

    1. It’s lovely to see you here – I have a post of yours in my inbox ready to read too 😀 😀 Now THAT is a lovely way of thinking about it. I love that butterfly analogy it’s beautiful 😀

    1. teehee, thank you my lovely <3 <3 well, I do my best, and honestly, I have no clue where it comes from, but the words always seem like a good idea at the time hahaha, even if they do raise the occasional eyebrow :p :p

  3. Reblogged this on and commented:
    Sacha’s wit and concise assessment of conflict is a fantastic overview for any author at any stage of the writing game. She lays it all out but is careful not to bury you under the s**t 😉

    1. Thank you so much for sharing this – sorry I am so late to thank you – It’s been a bit of a week and I am living in a state of behind! <3 <3 – haven't forgotten I owe you an email either. I've seen your last one come in, will reply this week.

  4. These are great, Sacha. I think #9 is my favorite. Most of us have some vague notion of plot and conflict, ha ha. BUT, “raising the stakes” is something that seems worth revisiting as a regular step in an early revision. My current WIP (first draft) is almost done and it needs something. I was thinking about a subplot, but it’s already pretty complicated. I think this step might be it!

Leave a Reply